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Demographics

This year, 23,540 respondents took part in the survey. And in order to help highlight different voices and surface deeper insights, we made a special effort to provide new ways to break our data down.

Country or Region

Where do you currently reside?

While 16% of respondents came from the U.S., we also had strong representation from the JavaScript community in Germany, France, and the U.K.,(19% combined).

0%
6%
11%
17%
23%
29%
1

United States of America

2,747
2

France

1,323
3

Germany

1,308
4

United Kingdom

844
5

Poland

638
6

Russia

597
7

Canada

566
8

Spain

548
9

India

538
10

Netherlands

457
11

Brazil

393
12

Sweden

387
13

Italy

351
14

Australia

340
15

Ukraine

333
16

China

282
17

Japan

280
18

Czechia

246
19

South Korea

245
20

Colombia

219
21

Over Limit

5,069
0%
6%
11%
17%
23%
29%
% of question respondents

The language respondents selected to fill out the survey.

0%
17%
33%
50%
67%
83%
1

English

18,744
2

French

851
3

Russian

779
4

Spanish

673
5

German

489
6

Chinese (Simplified)

361
7

Japanese

217
8

Polish

217
9

Chinese (Traditional)

94
10

Dutch

90
0%
17%
33%
50%
67%
83%
% of question respondents
💡
You'll find little hints like this one throughout the survey results that will point out extra features and details.

Survey Completion

The proportion of the survey filled out by respondents.

0%
12%
23%
35%
47%
59%
1

0-10%

1,704
2

10-20%

704
3

20-30%

730
4

30-40%

490
5

40-50%

328
6

50-60%

411
7

60-70%

410
8

70-80%

629
9

80-90%

2,850
10

90-100%

13,798
11

100

1,454
0%
12%
23%
35%
47%
59%
% of question respondents
How old are you, in years?

Survey respondents were on average 31.7 years old, slightly lower than the State of HTML (33.6) and State of CSS (33.5) surveys.

0%
8%
16%
25%
33%
41%
1

<20

747
2

20-29

6,885
3

30-39

7,277
4

40-49

2,248
5

50-59

466
6

>60

103
0%
8%
16%
25%
33%
41%
% of question respondents

Years of Experience

How long have you been working or studying in this field, in years?

Respondents had on average 9.3 years of web development experience.

0%
5%
10%
14%
19%
24%
1

<1 years

483
2

1-3 years

3,400
3

4-6 years

4,325
4

7-9 years

2,732
5

10-12 years

2,649
6

13-15 years

1,632
7

16-20 years

744
8

>20 years

2,127
0%
5%
10%
14%
19%
24%
% of question respondents

Company Size

How many people work at your organization, including yourself?

Respondents tended to work for mostly mid-sized organizations, with a median company size of 75 employees.

0%
4%
9%
13%
18%
22%
1

1

1,487
2

2-5

1,381
3

6-10

1,152
4

11-20

1,447
5

21-50

2,150
6

51-100

1,863
7

101-1000

3,999
8

1000+

3,597
9

N/A

1,062
0%
4%
9%
13%
18%
22%
% of question respondents
💡
Some charts feature additional tabs that offer complementary breakdowns of the same data, or related data. Make sure to check them out!

Yearly Income

What is your yearly gross (pre-tax) income in U.S. dollar?

Respondents had a median income of USD $75,000, noticeably higher than the $59,970 figure reported by the Stack Overflow Developer Survey.

0%
3%
7%
10%
13%
17%
1

$0k-$20k

2,417
2

$20k-$40k

2,479
3

$40k-$60k

2,935
4

$60k-$80k

2,242
5

$80k-$100k

1,773
6

$100k-$150k

2,117
7

$150k-$200k

1,066
8

>$200k

824
9

N/A

1,684
0%
3%
7%
10%
13%
17%
% of question respondents

Higher Education Degree

Do you have a higher education degree?

Having a higher-education degree did not translate in meaningful differences in yearly income.

0%
11%
22%
33%
44%
55%
1

No

4,638
2

Yes, related field

9,906
3

Yes, unrelated field

3,501
0%
11%
22%
33%
44%
55%
% of question respondents
Which one of the following options describes you?
0%
19%
37%
56%
75%
94%
1

Man

16,876
2

Woman

805
3

Non-Binary or GNC

257
4

Not Listed

68
0%
19%
37%
56%
75%
94%
% of question respondents
While we know collecting and publishing diversity data can be a sensitive issue, we do think it's important to obtain this data to help measure and improve the survey's efforts in terms of inclusivity and representativeness.

Race & Ethnicity

Which of the following options describe you?

The survey's non-white population tended to be younger and have less experience, confirming a trend first observed in other surveys. This might indicate that the next generation of front end developers will be more diverse than the current one.

0%
14%
28%
42%
56%
70%
1

White

10,902
2

Hispanic/Latin

1,661
3

East Asian

1,163
4

South Asian

708
5

Middle Eastern

612
6

SE Asian

599
7

Black/African Descent

464
8

Multiracial

358
9

Nat. American/Pac. Islander/Ind. Australian

61
10

Indian

0%
14%
28%
42%
56%
70%
% of question respondents
While we know collecting and publishing diversity data can be a sensitive issue, we do think it's important to obtain this data to help measure and improve the survey's efforts in terms of inclusivity and representativeness.

Disability Status

Which of the following disabilities do you experience?
0%
17%
33%
50%
67%
84%
1

Cognitive impairments

1,806
2

Visual impairments

599
3

Hearing impairments

291
4

Mobility impairments

269
5

Autism

6

🚫 None

13,193
7

Other Answers

135
0%
17%
33%
50%
67%
84%
% of question respondents
0%
7%
14%
21%
28%
35%
2,180
1,693
4

1,113
698
7

Workplace

487
397
10

363
0%
7%
14%
21%
28%
35%
% of question respondents
Respondent source is computed based on referrer data, URL tracking data, and self-reported answers.

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